Group IV Photonics


A full list of publication can be found on Google Scholar:



Review Papers


• F Y Gardes et al “A Review of Capabilities and Scope for Hybrid Integration Offered by Silicon-Nitride-Based Photonic Integrated Circuits” MDPI –paper


• Graham T Reed, Goran Mashanovich, F Y Gardes, DJ Thomson ” Silicon optical modulators.” Nature Photonics paper

Neuromorphic photonics/AI


• G. Mourgias-Alexandris Et al. “Noise-resilient and high-speed deep learning with coherent silicon photonics” Nature Communications –paper

• Miltiadis Moralis-Pegios Et al. “Neuromorphic Silicon Photonics and Hardware-Aware Deep Learning for High-Speed Inference” Journal of Lightwave Technology –paper

• G. Mourgias-Alexandris Et al. “Channel response-aware photonic neural network accelerators for high-speed inference through bandwidth-limited optics” Optics Express –paper


Grating Couplers


• Valerio Vitali Et al. “High-efficiency reflector-less dual-level silicon photonic grating coupler” Photonics Research –paper


• Valerio Vitali Et al “Highly efficient dual-level grating couplers for silicon nitride photonics” Photonics Research –paper


• Yang Chen Et al. “Experimental demonstration of an apodized-imaging chip-fiber grating coupler for Si3N4 waveguides” –paper

Non Linear photonics


• Valerio Vitali Et al. “Fully integrated and broadband Si-rich silicon nitride wavelength converter based on Bragg scattering intermodal four-wave mixing” Optica Photonics Research –paper


• C. Lacava, T. Dominguez Bucio, A. Z. Khokhar, P. Horak, Y. Jung, F. Y. Gardes, D. J. Richardson, P. Petropoulos, and F. Parmigiani “Intermodal frequency generation in silicon-rich silicon nitride waveguides” Optica Photonics Research –paper

• Manon Lamy, Christophe Finot, Alexandre Parriaux, Cosimo Lacava, Thalia Dominguez Bucio, Frederic Gardes, Guy Millot, Periklis Petropoulos, and Kamal Hammani “Si-rich Si nitride waveguides for optical transmissions and toward wavelength conversion around 2 μm” – Optica – Applied Optics paper


• C. Lacava, S. Stankovic, A. Z. Khokhar, T. Dominguez Bucio, F. Y. Gardes, G. T. Reed, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Si-rich silicon nitride for nonlinear signal processing applications,” Scientific Reports, vol. 7, article 22, . – paper – More info

Mid-index waveguides


• Ilias Skandalos, Thalía Domínguez Bucio, Lorenzo Mastronardi, Teerapat Rutirawut, Frederic Y. Gardes ” Coupling strategy between high-index and mid-index micro-metric waveguides for O-band applications” Scientific Reports – paper – 


• Domínguez Bucio, ThaliaLacava, CosimoClementi, MarcoFaneca Ruedas, JoaquinSkandalos, IliasGalli, MatteoDebnath, KapilBaldycheva, AnnaPetropoulos, Periklis and Gardes, FredericSilicon nitride photonics for the near-infrared”, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics.paper


• Bucio TD, Khokhar AZ, Mashanovich GZ, Gardes FY. “N-rich silicon nitride angled MMI for coarse wavelength division (de) multiplexing in the O-band.” Optics letters. Mar 15;43(6):1251-4. –paper


• Debnath K, Clementi M, Bucio TD, Khokhar AZ, Sotto M, Grabska KM, Bajoni D, Galli M, Saito S, Gardes FY. “Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal cavities in silicon rich nitride.” Optics express. Oct 30;25(22):27334-40.– paper –More info

K. Debnath, T. Dominguez Bucio, A. Alattili, A. Z. Khokhar, S. Saito, and F. Y. Gardes, “Photonic crystal waveguides on silicon rich nitride platform,” Optics Express, vol. 25, pp. 3124-3131. – paper – More info

• Yang Chen, Thalia Domínguez Bucio, Ali Z. Khokhar, Mehdi Banakar, Katarzyna Grabska, Frederic Y. Gardes, Robert Halir, Íñigo Molina-Fernández, Pavel Cheben, and Jian-Jun He, “Experimental demonstration of an apodized-imaging chip-fiber grating coupler for Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3566-3569  – paper – More info

• Bucio TD, Khokhar AZ, Mashanovich GZ, Gardes FY. “Athermal silicon nitride angled MMI wavelength division (de) multiplexers for the near-infrared. “Optics express. ;25(22):27310-20. –paper – More info.

• T. Domínguez Bucio, A. Z. Khokar, C. Lacava, S. Stankovic, G. Z. Mashanovich, P. Petropoulos and F. Y. Gardes, “Material and optical properties of low temperature NH3-free PECVD SiN layers for photonic applications,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 50, 025106, . – paper – More info

Reconfigurable Photonic Integrated Circuits


Joaquin FanecaIoannis ZeimpekisS T IlieThalía Domínguez BucioKatarzyna GrabskaDaniel W Hewak and Frederic Y Gardes “Towards low loss non-volatile phase change materials in mid index waveguides” IOP-Neuromorphic Computing and Engineering paper


• De Paoli, GretaJantzen, Senta LisaDomínguez Bucio, ThaliaSkandalos, IliasHolmes, ChristopherSmith, Peter G.R.Milošević, Milan and Gardes, Frederic “Laser trimming of the operating wavelength of silicon nitride racetrack resonators” Photonics Research. paper

Faneca Ruedas, JoaquinDomínguez Bucio, ThaliaGardes, Frederic and Baldycheva, Anna (2020) O-band N-rich silicon nitride MZI based on GST. Applied Physics Letters. paper

Faneca J, Garcia-Cuevas Carrillo S, Gemo E, de Galarreta CR, Domínguez Bucio T, Gardes FY, Bhaskaran H, Pernice WHP, Wright CD, Baldycheva A. “Performance characteristics of phase-change integrated silicon nitride photonic devices in the O and C telecommunications bands”, Optical Materials Express. paper

Faneca J, Trimby L, Zeimpekis I, Delaney M, Hewak DW, Gardes FY, Wright CD, Baldycheva A. “On-chip sub-wavelength Bragg grating design based on novel low loss phase-change materials”, Optics Express. paper

• Saito, ShinichiTomita, IsaoSotto, Moise, Sala HenriDebnath, KapilByers, JamesAl-Attili, AbdelrahmanBurt, DanielHusain, Muhammad KArimoto, HideoIbukuro, KoutaCharlton, MartinThomson, DavidZhang, WeiweiChen, BigengGardes, FredericReed, Graham and Rutt, Harvey, “Si photonic waveguides with broken symmetries: applications to modulators and quantum simulations”, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics. paper


Faneca J, Hogan BT, Diez IR, Gardes FY, Baldycheva A. “Tuning silicon-rich nitride microring resonances with graphene capacitors for high-performance computing applications”, Optics Express. paper 

Integrated optical modulator


• Rutirawut, T., Talataisong, W. & Gardes, F. Y., “Designs of Silicon Nitride Slot Waveguide Modulators With Electro-Optic Polymer and the Effect of Induced Charges in Si-Substrate on Their Performance” IEEE Photonics J. –paper


• Mastronardi, L., Banakar, M., Khokhar, A.Z., Hattasan, N., Rutirawut, T., Bucio, T.D., Grabska, K.M., Littlejohns, C., Bazin, A., Mashanovich, G. and Gardes, F.Y., ” High-speed Si/GeSi hetero-structure Electro Absorption Modulator.” Optics Express26(6), pp.6663-6673. –paper


• Debnath, K., O’Faolain, L., Gardes, F.Y., Steffan, A.G., Reed, G.T. and Krauss, T.F., “Cascaded modulator architecture for WDM applications.” Optics Express, 20(25), pp.27420-27428. –paper

• Thomson, D.J., Gardes, F.Y., Fedeli, J.M., Zlatanovic, S., Hu, Y., Kuo, B.P.P., Myslivets, E., Alic, N., Radic, S., Mashanovich, G.Z. and Reed, G.T., . “50-Gb/s silicon optical modulator.” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 24(4), pp.234-236. –paper


• Thomson, D.J., Gardes, F.Y., Hu, Y., Mashanovich, G., Fournier, M., Grosse, P., Fedeli, J.M. and Reed, G.T., . “High contrast 40Gbit/s optical modulation in silicon.” Optics express19(12), pp.11507-11516 -paper-

• Gardes, F.Y., Thomson, D.J., Emerson, N.G. and Reed, G.T., . “40 Gb/s silicon photonics modulator for TE and TM polarisations.” Optics express19(12), pp.11804-11814.  -paper-

• Lever, L., Hu, Y., Myronov, M., Liu, X., Owens, N., Gardes, F.Y., Marko, I.P., Sweeney, S.J., Ikonić, Z., Leadley, D.R. and Reed, G.T., . “Modulation of the absorption coefficient at 1.3 μm in Ge/SiGe multiple quantum well heterostructures on silicon.” Optics letters36(21), pp.4158-4160. -paper-


• Reed, G.T., Mashanovich, G., Gardes, F.Y. and Thomson, D.J., “Silicon optical modulators.” Nature photonics4(8), pp.518-526. – paper


• Gardes, F.Y., Brimont, A., Sanchis, P., Rasigade, G., Marris-Morini, D., O’Faolain, L., Dong, F., Fedeli, J.M., Dumon, P., Vivien, L. and Krauss, T.F., “High-speed modulation of a compact silicon ring resonator based on a reverse-biased pn diode.” Optics express, 17(24), pp.21986-21991. -paper-


• Gardes, F.Y., Reed, G.T., Emerson, N.G. and Png, C.E., 2005. “A sub-micron depletion-type photonic modulator in silicon on insulator.” Optics Express, 13(22), pp.8845-8854. -paper-

Integrated detector


• Littlejohns, C.G., Khokhar, A.Z., Thomson, D.J., Hu, Y.O.U.F.A.N.G., Basset, L., Reynolds, S.A., Mashanovich, G.Z., Reed, G.T. and Gardes, F.Y., “Ge-on-Si plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition for low-cost photodetectors.” IEEE Photonics Journal, 7(4), pp.1-8 –paper


• Littlejohns, C.G., Hu, Y., Gardes, F.Y., Thomson, D.J., Reynolds, S.A., Mashanovich, G.Z. and Reed, G.T., “50 Gb/s silicon photonics receiver with low insertion loss.” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 26(7), pp.714-717. –paper

Material epitaxy


• Makhayeni Mtunzi Et al. “High-quality germanium growth on (111)-faceted V-groove silicon by molecular beam epitaxy” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics –paper


• Yaonan Hou ET al. “Surface/interface engineering of InAs quantum dot edge-emitting diodes toward III-V/SiN photonic integration” ELSEVIER, Journal of Luminescence –paper


• Littlejohns, C.G., Bucio, T.D., Nedeljkovic, M., Wang, H., Mashanovich, G.Z., Reed, G.T. and Gardes, F.Y., “Towards a fully functional integrated photonic-electronic platform via a single SiGe growth step. “Scientific reports, 6. – paper


• Littlejohns, C.G., Nedeljkovic, M., Mallinson, C.F., Watts, J.F., Mashanovich, G.Z., Reed, G.T. and Gardes, F.Y., “Next generation device grade silicon-germanium on insulator.” Scientific reports5. – paper


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